April 2018 - RATEN ICN

Eurosafe NEWS

Dear friends,

The Institute for Nuclear Research (RATEN ICN), subsidiary of Technologies for Nuclear Energies State Owned Company (RATEN), is a strategic organization, providing scientific and technical support for the nuclear power activities in Romania. The main objectives of the National Nuclear Programme are the safe operation of the two CANDU PHWR 600 MWe units, preparations for the construction of two additional units at Cernavoda site as well as the safe management of the spent fuel and radioactive wastes. On a longer term, the research activity objectives include the development of advanced Generation IV systems focused on the lead cooled fast reactor technology.

RATEN ICN is operating a 14 MW TRIGA Research Reactor and the safety aspects related to the activities carried out here were developed by the experts of RATEN ICN in accordance with the standards and norms in force.

The R&D activities are carried out in the frame of 18 research programmes, funded by the Ministry of Energy. They are addressing mainly the areas of Nuclear Safety Research and Assessment; Reactor Physics; Nuclear Fuel and Fuel Channel Performance; Nuclear Materials; Components and Systems Behaviour; Plant Lifetime Management; Radioprotection, Environmental Protection, and Radioactive Waste Management. The research programmes include also advanced reactors topics and international cooperation activities.

RATEN ICN performs safety assessments for the Romanian Regulatory Authority in various fields of nuclear safety, radiation protection and to some extent in the field of radioactive waste management. Experts of RATEN ICN have a global vision on safety matters due to their extensive participation in the activities of OECD NEA, IAEA and EURATOM.

We are pleased to have the opportunity to share news about the most recent activities related to nuclear safety, together with some forthcoming events of possible interest for the readers.

Sincerely,
Director RATEN ICN
Dr. Ing. Constantin PAUNOIU

Implementing the Romanian National Strategy for Nuclear Safety and Security

The Romanian National Strategy for Nuclear Safety and Security was approved by Government Decision no. 600 on July 23, 2014.

The fundamental objective of the Strategy is the continuous improvement of nuclear safety and security, namely the protection of personnel, population and environment, against the harmful effects of radiation.

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Nuclear Materials and Corrosion Investigations

Nuclear Materials and Corrosion Department infrastructure allows the following investigations: corrosion behaviour of metallic materials from the primary and secondary circuit of the CANDU reactor; corrosion behaviour of advanced materials for Generation IV reactors; microbiologic corrosion in NPPs; DHC phenomenon and fracture mechanics; structural integrity of metallic components under different conditions; thermal-mechanic behaviour of metallic and ceramic materials under different stress levels and environment conditions; manufacturing experimental nuclear fuel (prototype).

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Transient tests on fast reactor fuel segments at the TRIGA-ACPR core

The Strategic Research Agenda of the EU Sustainable Nuclear Energy Technical platform requires new large infrastructures for its successful deployment. MYRRHA has been identified as a long term supporting research facility for all ESNII systems and as such put in the high-priority list of ESFRI. MYRRHA, under development by the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK•CEN), is a fast reactor system with lead-bismuth (LBE) cooling, driven by a particle accelerator. The goal of the FP7 MAXSIMA project is to contribute to the "safety in MYRRHA" assessment. In the frame of MAXSIMA project, transient experiments on MYRRHA type fuel segments have been started at RATEN ICN, aimed to validate the experimental chain and methodology. The task is being carried out in collaboration by RATEN ICN and SCK•CEN.

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Strengthening the collaboration with local authorities

Since July 2017 a collaboration protocol has been initiated between RATEN ICN Pitesti and The County Inspectorate for Emergency Situations (ISU Arges), having the aim of mutual support in training activities on topics of common interest, especially related to radiation field monitoring techniques, worker protection against the effects of ionizing radiation and first aid in emergency situations.

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Increasing expertise and confidence in our results

Radioactive waste management is one of the important research directions for RATEN ICN. Through its research, our specialists develop specific methods and technologies for characterisation, treatment and conditioning of radioactive waste generated from RATEN ICN nuclear and radiological installations as well as from Cernavoda NPP operation.

Innovative techniques such as semi-permeable membranes, micro-filtration, ultra-filtration, reverse osmosis, liquid membranes are tested on different waste streams, both from TRIGA reactor and Cernavoda NPP.

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Training for an efficient response to nuclear or radiological emergency

ConvEx-3 are full-scale exercises designed to evaluate the response to a severe nuclear or radiological emergency, and in particular to identify capabilities and emergency response arrangements that require improvements. The ConvEx-3 exercise provides the opportunity to identify deficiencies in national and / or international emergency response capabilities and responses that may prevent the response to minimize the consequences of a nuclear or radiological emergency.

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International Conference on Sustainable
Development through Nuclear
Research and Education – NUCLEAR 2018

23 - 25 May 2018
at Mioveni, Romania

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“Radioactive waste management, environmental protection and decommissioning”
ETSON Junior Staff Programme (EJSP) Summer Workshop 2018

3 - 7 September 2018
at Mioveni, Romania

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International Conference on Challenges Faced by Technical and Scientific Support Organizations (TSOs) in Enhancing Nuclear Safety and Security

15 - 18 October 2018
at Brussels, Belgium

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